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Volcanoes and Urban Planning

The numerous annual volcanic eruptions that occur worldwide evidence the potential dangers they often create. Volcanoes are found across a wide variety of geologic settings, including subduction zones (i.e.: Andes, Cascades, Aleutian Islands) and hotspot settings (i.e.: Hawaii-Emperor Seamounts, Galapagos, Azores). Regardless of their location, history has demonstrated that volcanoes pose a vivid and real hazard to regional settlements and environments. The eruption of Mt. St. Helens (Washington – 1980), Nevado del Ruiz (Colombia – 1985), Mt. Hudson (Chile – 1991), Mt. Pinatubo (Indonesia – 1991) and Reventador (Ecuador – 2002) are just some of the numerous examples in which volcanic eruptions affect large regions.

Grade Level: High School (9-12)
Curriculum Topic Benchmarks: M1.3.5, M3.3.17, M5.3.3, M9.3.2, S12.3.7, S18.3.2
Subject Keywords: Volcanoes, Urban planning, Debris flows, Cross-section, Slope, Contours, Topographic map

Author(s): Lucas Moxey
PUMAS ID: 10_04_04_1
Date Received: 2004-10-04
Date Revised: 2004-11-16
Date Accepted: 2004-11-23

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